Thursday, October 15, 2015

Decoding Strategies

Hello to you all! We have been very busy in our reading group.  We have been looking at a range of strategies that help us decode. Here are some examples, and I will post some videos that show examples of this next week.

*Making connections with what they know  -to the stories we read. This helps them with vocabulary and context. This does not need to exactly match the topic - for example, they don't need to be scared of spiders to make a connection with a book about this, it might be something else that they are scared of that will help them make connections with vocabulary and feelings within the book.
  • Using the pictures to help read. While they have pictures to support meaning - they need to use them! Sometimes we examine the pictures without looking at the words and make a big list of words we might expect to see from what we can see happening in the text. This helps us work out tricky vocabulary in the text.

* Using meaning - thinking about what makes sense.  What is the word likely to be, based on what we a reading about?

* Looking at words I know that are like the one I don't know - If I know 'here' -it is not that much of a jump to 'where'.

* Using punctuation to help read - does it have a question mark - then there must be a question word in there  - 'how', 'who', 'when' etc. Punctuation also gives an idea about feelings of characters - and this can be used to help with making meaning.

  • Looking at the sounds in words.  It is important that children learn common patterns, for example, ‘ar’  If they know this, splitting a word like ‘part’ into sounds becomes easier  ‘ p ar t’. ‘Sounding out words is obviously important and works with all the other things that have been mentioned.

The main point from all of this is - 
Good readers do a RANGE of things to help them read.  Often they need to be using a variety of strategies together to help ‘decode’ tricky words.  :-)